Pif Gadget: The Iconic French Comic Magazine with a Gadget Inside
Pif Gadget was a French comic magazine for children that ran from 1969 to 1993 and 2004 to 2009. It was the successor of Vaillant, le journal de Pif, which was linked to the French Communist Party. Pif Gadget was famous for including a gadget in each issue, as well as featuring complete stories of various genres, such as comedy, adventure, science fiction, and fantasy. Some of the most popular series in Pif Gadget were Pif le chien, Rahan, Corto Maltese, Docteur Justice, Placid et Muzo, and LÃonard.
In this article, we will explore the history and legacy of Pif Gadget, as well as some of the most memorable gadgets that came with it. We will also provide a link to download a PDF file of Pif Gadget Integrale 16, a collection of issues from 1970 to 1971.
The Origins of Pif Gadget
Pif Gadget has its roots in Le Jeune Patriote, a youth magazine published by French Communists during the German occupation of France during World War II[^6^]. After the liberation, Le Jeune Patriote became Vaillant in 1945, and later Vaillant, le journal de Pif in 1965. Pif was a dog character created by JosÃ Cabrero Arnal in 1948, who became the mascot and main attraction of the magazine. Pif was a loyal and courageous companion who often helped his friends and fought against injustice. He also had a sidekick named Hercule, a black cat with super strength.
Vaillant, le journal de Pif was influenced by the social and political context of its time, reflecting the values and ideals of the French Communist Party. However, it also avoided any direct propaganda or indoctrination, and focused on entertaining and educating its young readers. The magazine featured a variety of comic strips from different countries and styles, such as Soviet comics (Mik et Mak), Italian comics (Cocco Bill), Belgian comics (Tintin), American comics (Superman), and French comics (AstÃrix). It also introduced original series that would become classics of the Franco-Belgian comic tradition, such as Rahan by Roger LÃcureux and AndrÃ ChÃret, Corto Maltese by Hugo Pratt, Docteur Justice by Jean Ollivier and Rafael Marcello, and many others.
The Birth of Pif Gadget
In February 1969, Vaillant, le journal de Pif changed its name to Pif Gadget and adopted a new format that revolutionized the comic magazine industry. Each issue of Pif Gadget included a gadget or toy that was related to the theme or content of the magazine. The gadgets were designed to be fun, educational, creative, or useful for the readers. They ranged from simple items like stickers, badges, masks, or puzzles, to more elaborate ones like model kits, board games, musical instruments, or scientific experiments. Some of the most famous gadgets were:
The pousse-pousse: a small plastic container with seeds that would sprout into plants when watered.
The arbre Ã vent: a paper windmill that could be attached to a bicycle wheel.
The montre Ã quartz: a quartz watch that could be assembled by the reader.
The lunettes Ã rayons X: glasses that simulated X-ray vision by using red filters.
The fusÃe Ã eau: a water rocket that could be launched with air pressure.
The gadgets were not only a marketing strategy to attract more readers, but also a way to stimulate their curiosity and creativity. They also reflected the ecological and pacifist values of the magazine, as they were often made from recycled or natural materials and promoted peaceful and cooperative play.
Another innovation of Pif Gadget was to offer complete stories instead of serialized ones. This allowed the readers to enjoy different genres and styles without having to wait for the next issue. The magazine alternated between \"comical\" and \"realistic\" issues every week, featuring both color and black-and-white pages. The \"comical\" issues focused on humor and satire, with series like aa16f39245